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User Varenne
title "Agent-Based Models and Simulations in Economics and Social Sciences: from conceptual exploration to distinct ways of experimenting"
Authors Denis Phan, Franck Varenne
Source Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 13(1),5, 2010
Year 2010
Type Journal
Type of publication ISC-PIF scholar

Optional Infos

Abstract Abstract:

Now that complex Agent-Based Models and computer simulations spread over economics and social sciences - as in most sciences of complex systems -, epistemological puzzles (re)emerge. We introduce new epistemological concepts so as to show to what extent authors are right when they focus on some empirical, instrumental or conceptual significance of their model or simulation. By distinguishing between models and simulations, between types of models, between types of computer simulations and between types of empiricity obtained through a simulation, section 2 gives the possibility to understand more precisely - and then to justify - the diversity of the epistemological positions presented in section 1. Our final claim is that careful attention to the multiplicity of the denotational powers of symbols at stake in complex models and computer simulations is necessary to determine, in each case, their proper epistemic status and credibility.

Keywords:

Agent-Based Models and Simulations, Epistemology, Economics, Social Sciences, Conceptual Exploration, Model World, Credible World, Experiment, Denotational Hierarchy

Link http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/13/1/5.html
Bibtex
@article{phan2010,
title = {Agent-Based Models and Simulations in Economics and Social Sciences: From Conceptual Exploration to Distinct Ways of Experimenting},
author = {Phan, Denis and Varenne, Franck},
journal = {Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation},
ISSN = {1460-7425},
volume = {13},
number = {1},
pages = {5},
year = {2010},
URL = {http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/13/1/5.html},
keywords = {Agent-Based Models and Simulations, Epistemology, Economics, Social Sciences, Conceptual Exploration, Model World, Credible World, Experiment, Denotational Hierarchy},
abstract = {Now that complex Agent-Based Models and computer simulations spread over economics and social sciences - as in most sciences of complex systems -, epistemological puzzles (re)emerge. We introduce new epistemological concepts so as to show to what extent authors are right when they focus on some empirical, instrumental or conceptual significance of their model or simulation. By distinguishing between models and simulations, between types of models, between types of computer simulations and between types of empiricity obtained through a simulation, section 2 gives the possibility to understand more precisely - and then to justify - the diversity of the epistemological positions presented in section 1. Our final claim is that careful attention to the multiplicity of the denotational powers of symbols at stake in complex models and computer simulations is necessary to determine, in each case, their proper epistemic status and credibility.},
}

Created Friday 29 April, 2011 16:19:03